Conflict-sensitive leadership training was conducted in two rounds to capacitate customary institutions and local government leaders as part of the NRM-Borana Governance and Peace Component. The training was meant to enhance stakeholder’s capacity and ensure effectiveness in conflict-sensitive planning and implementing activities. To this effect, it aimed at avoiding conflict and enhance cooperation in the context of project intervention. It targeted pertinent local government office heads, customary institutions, IPs, and other actors. It mainly addressed the concepts of peace and conflict, leadership styles, conflict sensitivity, conflict-sensitive leadership style, leadership roles, mainstreaming conflict sensitivity, among others. The training aimed at familiarizing local government and customary Institution leaders with peace and conflict issues; enhancing trainees’ knowledge about and skills of conflict-sensitive leadership; as well instigating the understanding of conflict context and interact within the context of conflict-sensitive manner in the project life. The training followed an interactive approach which basis the experiential learning modality. The approach intensively engaged the trainees to share their own experiences, views, concerns, and skills to learn from each other and to jointly increase their capacities to recognize and constructively handle conflicts. The training comprised reflection, group and pair works, role play, theoretical inputs, case analysis, practical exercises, presentations, and plenary discussions. It was held in Yabello Milki Cooperatives Union at Yabello Meeting Hall Customary institution leaders, traditional water managers, women cooperative leaders, IPs, NGOs, Woreda and Administration Office Heads, Woreda Admin and Security, Water Resources, Agriculture and NRM, Pastoral Development, and Women, Youth, and Children Affair Offices. In the 1st round sessions held between 13-15th July 2021, 41 trainees (36 Male; 5 Female) from for local government; and in the 2nd round between 17-16th 35 (30 male and 5 female) were participated from customary institution leaders. In total. 76 trainees (10 women and 66 men) were trained. The participants found the training relevant, useful, and practical to their situation.
Conflict sensitive leadership training for local government and customary institution leaders Intercommunity conflict management training is the key action area identified by Participatory Action Research. It was a key capacity building for conflict resolution on shared NRM and governance. i.e. it enables to handle a sustained peace dialogue with other communities. The purpose of the training was to strengthen Peace Committee at Kebele level to manage and building peace in the inter-community conflict. The training was held at Mega Town in two rounds. The first round was 13th -15th while the second was 16th-18th, July 2021. In the first round, there were 27 trainees (19 male & 8 female). This round was mainly from the four Dillo rural kebeles such as Magole, Kadhim, Arbale, and Qadhi. The second round Dhas and Wachile Woredas (Dhas, Harajarte, Qaqalo, and Web kebeles). Trainees were drawn mainly from kebele level peace committee members, Raba Gada Members, implementing partners, Kebele and woreda administration, and Admin and Peace offices. The training participants reflected the relevance of the training, delivery approach, contents. They found it interesting and productive as it connected the real-life experience and theories. Finally, the participants set an action plan in their respective kebeles to ensure sustained peace and continues dialogue among neighboring communities so that the culture of fair resource sharing is nurtured and blossomed. To this end, they need the support of the relevant local government authorities (Zonal and Woreda Peace and Security Administration Offices) for close monitoring, follow-up, support, and smooth implementation in the realization of peaceful coexistence and improved NRM & governance. The next step is for the peace committee would implement the action plans set for. PDC together with local government (Zonal and woreda Peace and security Offices) will provide technical support and supervision. As a part of action research, the best practices and case studies would be documented.
Inter-community conflict management and peacebuilding training
The seasonal calendar-based NRM joint planning in Dirre grazing system, the objective was to prepare and pilot conflict-sensitive seasonal calendar-based shared NRM planning so as to improve its governance through collaboration between local government and customary institutions at Dirre grazing system. By doing so, the participants would come up with concrete and conflict-sensitive joint planning for further implementation by local governments, customary institutions, and other actors. The planning workshop was held at Mega Town on the 21-23th July 2021 at Mekane Yesus Training Centre. In the joint planning, Abba Dheeda, Abba Reera, Hayyu. Key customary institution leaders and traditional water managers have participated. Totally, 55 participants (3 female, 52 male) were taken part. The planning was brought together local government key sector offices and customary institution leaders. In the workshop, the participants have revised the previously set seasonal calendar of the whole grazing system (Dirre Dheeda). The seasonal availability of rainfall, food situations, pasture, water, potential conflict over resources, the possible season for peacebuilding, and mobility trend was among the key events outlined. After the seasonal calendar was established and agreed, the participants sketched a map of the natural resources first at Reera level and then at the Dheda level. The map was visualized and followed by intensive discussions in the plenary session in relation to the seasonal calendar established earlier. Finally, joint NRM action plans were set up along with activities to be carried out at various levels, how these activities would be implemented, who is responsible for what, when, and where, and its conflict sensitivity.
Seasonal calendar-based NRM joint planning in Dirre grazing system